Dear Colleagues:

Let us know if you have research, reports or upcoming events that can be featured in the next biweekly update. 

Member Updates

From Michelle Tran - michelle.tran@ouce.ox.ac.uk
A Survey on Faecal Sludge Management in Emergencies: University of Oxford - Purpose of Survey: This survey inquires about the importance of FSM in WASH responses during first-phase emergencies (approximately the first 6 months of the response) and whether later stages of the FSM chain are prioritized in emergencies. The results of this study will estimate demand for FSM products and guidance among WASH practitioners. Survey results will be shared within the wider emergency WASH sector after publication of this research (September-November 2020).

Upcoming Webinars

July 14 (in English and French) Make Me a Change Agent: An SBC Resource for WASH, Agriculture, and Livelihoods Activities - USAID's Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA)-funded SCALE and PRO-WASH awards invite you to this interactive webinar to dive into the Make Me a Change Agent: An SBC Resource for WASH, Agriculture, and Livelihoods Activities training manual, and discuss how these fundamental skills can improve your WASH, agriculture and livelihoods programming.

Culture, Context and Hygiene Promotion for COVID-19. This is a free interactive online module, delivered live by RedR UK’s hygiene promotion experts. You will learn the key public health risks related to COVID-19 and how these can be addressed by appropriate hygiene promotion.

News

USAID's Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance Fact Sheet, June 2020 - BHA leads and coordinates the U.S. Government’s humanitarian assistance efforts overseas. The Bureau responds to an average of 75 disasters in more than 70 countries every year.

Twelve finalists in the running for the EIC Horizon Prize for Affordable High-Tech for Humanitarian Aid. European Commission, June 2020 - LORAWAN monitoring by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), real-time solutions for water tanker and water reservoir remote monitoring to improve the effectiveness of water trucking programming globally. WATER4HUMANITY by Tel Aviv University, a new circular economy solution allowing ultra-filtration of water using discarded “artificial kidney” filters.

Faecal Sludge Management Toolbox: Learn - Find relevant case studies, ToRs, manuals, policy documents, reports and videos on FSM from around the world in this online repository.

WASH in Humanitarian Situations

Lebanon: Menstrual Hygiene Management Among Syrian Refugee Women in the Bekaa. Oxfam, June 2020. The research provides potential solutions and recommendations for integrating menstrual hygiene management in humanitarian responses, particularly targeted at the WASH, protection, education and health sectors.

Mozambique’s response to cyclone Idai: how collaboration and surveillance with water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions were used to control a cholera epidemic. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, June 2020. We describe emergency measures taken by the Government of Mozambique, in collaboration with multilateral partners, to establish a real-time disease surveillance system, implement interventions recommended by a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) taskforce and rapidly scale up a massive community vaccination program to control a cholera epidemic.

Factors associated with adherence to safe water chain practices among refugees in Pagirinya refugee settlement, Northern Uganda. J Water Health, June 2020. In refugee settings, adherence to safe water chain is critical in minimizing water-related diseases.

Mapping of Climate Smart Programming in Refugee Hosting Districts in Uganda. IDS, 2020. When excluding capital investment, most alternatives were economically viable at the existing water fee currently paid by Ugandan citizens in the area (0.83 USD/m3), and solar driven pumps were down to 0.09 USD/m3. Water trucking is the worst option in terms of both the economic and environmental analysis at 7–8 USD/m3 and >1 kg CO2-eq/m3.

WASH & COVID-19

WASH and COVID-19 in Humanitarian Settings: How Can We Improve Hygiene Behaviors. REACH Initiative, 2020. This webinar focused on community-level preventative behaviors for mitigating the spread of COVID-19 in crisis-affected settings. In particular, speakers discussed handwashing promotion and physical distancing measures in these challenging settings.

Commentary: The potential impact of water quality on the spread and control of COVID-19 in Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon. Journal of Water International, June 2020. Investments should be directed to provide the camps with clean and regularly monitored water by providing filters on the main water sources for the camps when possible.

“This is our next problem”: Cleaning up from the COVID-19 response. Waste Management, May 2020. The Covid-19 pandemic will produce an immense amount of waste to be managed. The waste impact of our socio-cultural responses to disasters is poorly understood.The waste impact of disasters, will increase due to climate change. We propose several research pathways on waste impacts of our response to COVID-19.

The potential impact of COVID-19 in refugee camps in Bangladesh and beyond: A modeling study. PLoS One, June 2020. Findings suggest that a COVID-19 epidemic in a refugee settlement may have profound consequences, requiring large increases in healthcare capacity and infrastructure that may exceed what is currently feasible in these settings.

World’s Refugee Camps at Risk for Major COVID-19 Outbreak. Circle of Blue, June 2020. While new cases in countries around the world begin to drop, the crisis in refugee camps may be just beginning. “If the virus is allowed to spread,” Bergman said, “it could mean a generational setback to the lives and ambitions of refugees, internally displaced people and local communities.”

How Long Should Hands Be Washed? COVID-19 Hygiene Hub, June 2019. Given that COVID-19 can transmit via surfaces, as well as respiratory droplets, it is important that hands are washed at additional and different times to what would normally be recommended for the control of diarrheal diseases.